• How it Works




    Religious scholars and experts in different fields discuss pertinent questions facing Muslims



    Religious scholars consult a plethora of evidence to derive Sharia regulations



    Regulations are published with detailed explanations empowering you to make an informed decision

  • Permissibility of Self-flagellation in Islam

    Is self-flagellation in honour of Imam Ḥusayn permissible in Islam? 

    Permissibility of the use of Cannabis in Islam

    Is it permissible to use cannabis for recreational or medical reasons? 

    Permissibility of using physical or psychological force to enjoin good and forbid evil


    Is it permissible for individuals or vigilante groups to use physical or psychological force to enact the duty of enjoining good (amr bi-l-maʿrūf) and forbidding evil (nahī ʿan al-munkar)?

    Permissibility of fasting on the Day of ʿĀshūrāʾ

    Is it permissible to fast on the day of ʿĀshūrāʾ?

    The Islamic View on Funeral Rights

    Is it necessary to bury Muslims?

    The relationship between marital contract (nikāḥ) and intercourse in Islam

    Is it permissible to enter a clause within a nikāḥ/marriage contract that stipulates that intercourse is only allowed with mutual consent?

    Animal Issues

    Is it permissible to keep dogs as pets?

    Shaking Hands with the Opposite Gender

    Is it permissible to shake the hand of a non-mahram?

    The Permissibility of Reciting Salāt in One's Native Language

    Is it permissible to perform ṣalāt in one’s native language?

    Animal Sacrifice at Hajj

    Can Animal Sacrifice (Qurbani) at Hajj be substituted with another offering?

  • Inside ICCI

    The International Centre for Collective Ijtihad (ICCI) proposes that the most accurate method of deriving Sharia regulations engages the collaborative efforts of religious scholars (mujtahids) and experts in various fields. Whilst Muslims concur that Sharia rulings are revealed by God in order to lead humankind towards perfection, modern day advancements often raise complex questions about the appropriate religious stance that ought to be taken to sufficiently deal with new, arising situations in human life.


    Traditionally, an individual mujtahid is tasked with deducing Sharia regulations by utilising and interpreting evidences that are considered to be authoritative, which is a process known as ijtihad. However, owing to constant developments in fields such as medicine, economics and technology, it is rather difficult, if not impossible, for a mujtahid to arrive at an accurate understanding of different subject matters and deduce Sharia regulations in relation to them. As such, the collective model of ijtihad upholds that conclusions deduced by a body of mujtahids, who have consulted with subject matter experts, provides a more accurate understanding of the regulations intended by God.


    ICCI’s understanding of ijtihad is rooted in the statement of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s), who said: “Indeed the life of knowledge is sustained through constant discussion and critique”. In light of this view, ICCI not only explores new questions, but it also reconsiders issues that have previously been concluded upon within traditional jurisprudence but continue to pose great challenges to Muslim communities.


    The conclusions of ICCI are published as statements of guidance, with justifications that provide an in-depth rationale of how they were deduced. This enables readers to gain a complete understanding of the process involved behind determining each statement of guidance, so that they can make an informed decision and either accept or reject the guidance of ICCI.

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